Nevada Myth #1
Are there really some unlucky workers buried in the concrete of the Hoover Dam?
Nevada history books and newspapers all too often tell stories that distort the truth. Occasionally historians make mistakes, sometimes newspaper reporters get the wrong information, and oftentimes advertisers and civic promoters embellish and exaggerate the facts to promote their towns or businesses. Once a story appears in print, it generally gets repeated again and again, making it more and more believable. What’s true? What really happened? How do you know it’s true?
From 2003 to 2008, former state archivist Guy Rocha extensively researched the legends of the Silver State. The result is the 152-part Nevada Myth series, in which Rocha debunked local historical myths in a monthly column for the Sierra Sage newspaper. His mission was simple: educate people in the true history of our state--truth often veiled by tall tales and unfounded legends.
In the series, Rocha refuted a wide range of myths--from a non-existent John F. Kennedy-Marilyn Monroe tryst at Lake Tahoe to the fiction of workers buried in Hoover Dam to the controversy about which town (Genoa or Dayton) was the first permanent settlement in Nevada. In this, his work gives us a clearer picture of what happened--and what did not happen--in the Silver State.
*These myths are a reflection of the information available at the time they were written by former State Archivist Rocha. NSLAPR makes no claim as to their continued veracity.
Who is Lyon?
An editorial column appeared in a Nevada newspaper in 1997 discussing unusual places and how they received their names. Lyon County was among them. Citing Helen Carlson's Nevada Place Names (1974), the column noted there was some confusion as to whether the county was named for General Nathaniel Lyon or Captain Robert Lyon. In the ensuing years since the publication of Nevada Place Names, we have come to know how Lyon County received its name and who is responsible for all the confusion. Here, then, is the rest of the story!
Nobody was confused on November 25, 1861 when the Territorial Legislature, demonstrating its loyalty to the Union, named Lyon County in honor of fallen Civil War General Nathaniel Lyon. Lyon, a Connecticut native and West Point graduate, had recently died at the battle of Wilson's Creek, near Springfield, Missouri, on August 10, 1861. All the 19th century sources have the facts straight including Myron Angel's well-known History of Nevada (1881, p. 494). So when did the confusion begin?
We can start with Samuel Post Davis' The History of Nevada (1913). Davis, a long-time Carson City resident, former State Controller and State Publicity Agent, and one-time journalist and editor with the Carson City Appeal fancied himself an historian. In his state history, Davis published an article by Major G.W. Ingalls on "Indians of Nevada" that claimed, among other things, that Lyon County was named "after Captain Robert Lyon of the pioneer army". The early Great Basin pioneer survived the Pyramid Lake Indian War of 1860 and later served as Douglas County Assessor and Recorder. For Ingalls, logic seemingly dictated that Lyon County was named for Robert Lyon, a Pyramid Lake "war-hero", because the 1861 Territorial Legislature had named Ormsby and Storey counties for fallen comrades, William Ormsby and Edward Storey. So it appears G.W. Ingalls, appointed by President U.S. Grant as Indian Agent for Nevada in 1872, and years later returning to Nevada to serve as the director of the Nevada Chamber of Commerce in Reno, authored the confusion.
We can also blame Ingalls for making the erroneous statement that Reno, in 1868, was named for General Marcus Reno of Little Big Horn fame. The Battle of the Little Big Horn in Montana Territory, more commonly known as "Custer's Last Stand", was fought in June 1876. Reno, in fact, was named for Jesse Lee Reno, another West Point graduate and fallen Union general dying in 1862. However that is another story!
Other writers would follow to compound the problem of how Lyon County got its name. Dr. Effie Mona Mack, a prominent educator and head of the social studies department at Reno High School; and Byrd Wall Sawyer of Fallon, a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, and the step-mother of future governor Grant Sawyer, collaborated on a Nevada history text, Our State; Nevada, for the public schools. Published in 1940, we find that "Lyon County (was) named for a hero of the Indian wars..." A subsequent book co-authored by the two educators, Here is Nevada (1965), perpetuated the error twenty-five years later. At least two generations of Nevada students grew up believing that someone other than Nathaniel Lyon was Lyon County's namesake. Not surprisingly, Sam Davis' History of Nevada is included on the "Reading List".
Until recently, Lyon County residents were still confused about the origin of the county's name. But all that has changed now with State Library and Archives staff working with the Mason Valley News and the Fernley Leader-Dayton Courier in their production of Lyon County Reflections: A Look At Our Historic Past. In 1991, a territorial seal for Lyon County was found among the holdings of the State Archives and, lo and behold, after comparing a likeness of General Lyon with the image on the county seal we found it to be one and the same person.
And now, hopefully, all will come to know who's Lyon now! In fact, the Iowa, Kansas, and Minnesota legislatures also named counties in honor of General Nathaniel Lyon.